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10 Most Insane Underwater Discoveries | Interesting Facts
Top 10 Amazing Underwater Discoveries | Interesting Facts
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The ocean covers 71% of the Earth’s surface and contains 97% of the planet’s water, yet more than 95% of the underwater world remains unexplored. From past underwater findings we know the oceans are a vast reservoir of treasures and secrets. Underwater explorers have discovered lost kingdoms, fathomless canyons and mysterious objects.
The Lost City of Heracleion
Founded sometime in the 12th century BCE, Heracleion once served as the gateway to Egypt and was especially important in the waning days of the Pharaohs, which is why it is also known as the Lost Kingdom of Cleopatra.
Silfra is a freshwater fissure that divides the North American and Eurasian plates. Nothing interesting here, right? Well, Silfra is important for two reasons: The crack, fissure or rift is separating at a rate of 2 cm. a year, meaning that North America and the European continent are going in separate directions.
The City of Pavlopetri
Off the coast of the Greek Peloponnese lies an ancient city, perhaps the oldest city in the world, submerged under the blue Mediterranean mantle.
The Baltic Sea Anomally
In what can only be called the most bizarre discovery ever, Swedish divers came across a circular rock-like formation on the Baltic floor measuring 60 meters in diameter, 3 to 4 meters thick and standing on an 8-meter tall pillar.
Underwater Circles at The Botton of The Pacific Ocean
Japanese photographer and scuba diver Yoji Ookata stumbled upon rippling geometric sand patterns nearly six feet in diameter at almost 80 feet below sea level when he was diving in southern Japan.
Loki's Castle Teeming with Life
Lying between Greenland and Norway, Loki’s Castle is a field of five active hydrothermal vents discovered in 2008. Besides huge metal deposits in the area, researchers have also discovered 20 new animal species that live off the heat from the vents, which reaches 320º C.
Ice Fingers of Death
Ice fingers are a rare phenomenon that can occur in both the Arctic and the Antarctic and are also known as brinicles. They’re caused by cold, sinking brine, which is denser than the rest of the surrounding seawater.
Lord Krishna's Lost City
Legend has it that Lord Krishna himself built the city of Dwarka and made it his home. The city is believed to have been damaged and engulfed by the sea.
Lost Continent of Mu
Though hotly debated among the scientific community, Kihachiro Aratake’s discovery near Yonaguni in 1987 is as close as we’ll ever come to the Lost Continent of Mu. In case you’re wondering, Mu is supposedly a land much like Atlantis, whose population fled when a natural catastrophe struck the continent and sunk it.
Underwater Pyramids in The Azores
An amateur yachtsman, Diocleiano Silva, accidentally picked up a large structure on his sonar between the islands of São Miguel and Terceira in the Azores in Portugal.
The Great Blue Hole
The Great Blue Hole is a large submarine sinkhole off the coast of Belize. This circular hole measures over 984 ft across and 407 ft deep. It was formed when the area was not yet fully covered by water. As the ocean began to rise again, the cave was flooded. The Great Blue Hole is a part of the larger Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System.
The Lost Mahabalipuram Pagodas
For centuries, the residents of Mahabalipuram, India, talked of seven pagodas so spectacular the gods became jealous and had six of them consumed by the ocean. With only one real pagoda to show on land, historians considered the stories to be legends handed down from past times.
The Uluburun Shipwreck
Mehmed Çakir, a local sponge diver from Yalikavak, a village near Bodrum in Turkey, couldn’t believe his eyes when he came across the shipwreck during one of his dives.
The Mariana Trench
The deepest part of the world’s oceans was first discovered in 1875 in the Pacific Ocean to the east of the Mariana Islands. The trench is nearly 11 kilometers long and a depth of 36,201 feet.
The Vasa Shipwreck
The ill-fated Vasa warship sank on its maiden voyage just a nautical mile from Stockholm in 1628 for unknown reasons. Probably the best-armed warship of the era with 64 bronze canons, which were immediately salvaged after the ship sank.
The RMS Titanic
Hailed as the largest and most luxurious liner of the era, the “unsinkable” Titanic has become the stuff of legend. Movies, books, newspaper articles and museums have contributed to making this ship immortal, though she sits at the bottom of the ocean at 12400 feet.
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